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Open Access Publications from the University of California

Combating Arundo donax and Other Rhizomatous Aquatic and Estuarine Nuisance Grasses By Exploiting Their Ecophysiological Characteristics


During the past three to four decades, parallel expansions of populations of non-indigenousrhizomatous grasses have occurred in aquatic and estuarine habitats around the nation.Among these expansions are Spartina alterniflora invasions in the salt marshes of thePacific Northwest (Callaway and Josselyn, 1992), take-over of large sections of theriparian ecosystems in Southern California by Arundo donax (Bell, 1997) and Phragmitesaustralis invasions in the upper regions of salt marshes in the mid-Atlantic states(Hellings and Gallagher, 1992).

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