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Open Access Publications from the University of California

Chiral Helimagnetism and One-Dimensional Magnetic Solitons in a Cr-Intercalated Transition Metal Dichalcogenide.

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Chiral magnets endowed with topological spin textures are expected to have promising applications in next-generation magnetic memories. In contrast to the well-studied 2D or 3D magnetic skyrmions, the authors report the discovery of 1D nontrivial magnetic solitons in a transition metal dichalcogenide 2H-TaS2 via precise intercalation of Cr elements. In the synthetic Cr1/3 TaS2 (CTS) single crystal, the coupling of the strong spin-orbit interaction from TaS2 and the chiral arrangement of the magnetic Cr ions evoke a robust Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction. A magnetic helix having a short spatial period of ≈25 nm is observed in CTS via Lorentz transmission electron microscopy. In a magnetic field perpendicular to the helical axis, the helical spin structure transforms into a chiral soliton lattice (CSL) with the spin structure evolution being consistent with the chiral sine-Gordon theory, which opens promising perspectives for the application of CSL to fast-speed nonvolatile magnetic memories. This work introduces a new paradigm to soliton physics and provides an effective strategy for seeking novel 2D magnets.

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