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Arrhythmic Risk Profile and Outcomes of Patients Undergoing Cardiac Sympathetic Denervation for Recurrent Monomorphic Ventricular Tachycardia After Ablation.

Abstract

Background Cardiac sympathetic denervation (CSD) has been used as a bailout strategy for refractory ventricular tachycardia (VT). Risk of VT recurrence in patients with scar-related monomorphic VT referred for CSD and the extent to which CSD can modify this risk is unknown. We aimed to quantify arrhythmia recurrence risk and impact of CSD in this population. Methods and Results Adjusted competing risk time to event models were developed to adjust for risk of VT recurrence and sustained VT/implantable cardioverter-defibrillator shocks after VT ablation based on patient comorbidities at the time of VT ablation. Adjusted VT and implantable cardioverter-defibrillator shock recurrence rates were estimated for the subgroup who subsequently required CSD after ablation. The expected adjusted recurrence rates were then compared with the observed rates after CSD. Data from 381 patients with scar-mediated monomorphic VT who underwent VT ablation were analyzed, excluding patients with polymorphic VT. Sixty eight patients underwent CSD for recurrent VT. CSD reduced the expected adjusted VT recurrence rate by 36% (expected rate of 5.61 versus observed rate of 3.58 per 100 person-months, P=0.01) and the sustained VT/implantable cardioverter-defibrillator shock rates by 34% (expected rate of 4.34 versus observed 2.85 per 100 person-months, P=0.03). The median number of sustained VT/implantable cardioverter-defibrillator shocks in the year before versus the year after CSD was reduced by 90% (10 versus 1, P<0.0001). Conclusions Patients referred for CSD for refractory scar-mediated monomorphic VT are at a higher risk of VT recurrence after ablation as compared with those not requiring CSD, mostly because of their cardiac comorbidities. CSD significantly reduced both the expected risk of recurrences and VT burden.

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