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Reed syndrome: an atypical presentation of a rare disease

  • Author(s): Perkins, Jessica
  • Scarbrough, Chase
  • Sammons, Dawn
  • Magro, Cynthia
  • et al.
Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International Public License
Abstract

Reed syndrome, also known as Multiple Uterine and Cutaneous Leiomyomas (MCUL), is an autosomal dominant defect in the fumurate hydrase gene, leading to a predisposition of leiomyomas of the skin and uterus. Patients with Reed syndrome may present with cutaneous leiomyomas, uterine leiomyomas and/or leiomyosarcomas. A 37-year-old woman presented to the dermatology clinic with several subcutaneous nodules. Punch biopsy was performed and the diagnosis of angioleiomyosarcoma with supervening degenerative changes was made. Medical history was positive for uterine leiomyomas. These concomitant findings led to the diagnosis of Reed syndrome. At the present time, genetic counseling is a suggested screening parameter for patients with multiple cutaneous leiomyomas. The superficial nature of these lesions and the low staging made surgical excision the preferred and actual treatment method. Adjunct radiation and chemotherapy have not been shown to provide clear benefit of survival. Owing to an association with renal cell carcinoma, a referral for nephrology consultation is also recommended.

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