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Radiation dosimetry and biodistribution of the translocator protein radiotracer [11C]DAA1106 determined with PET/CT in healthy human volunteers

  • Author(s): Brody, AL
  • Okita, K
  • Shieh, J
  • Liang, L
  • Hubert, R
  • Mamoun, M
  • Farahi, J
  • Mandelkern, MA
  • et al.
Abstract

Introduction: When microglia become activated (an integral part of neuroinflammation), cellular morphology changes and expression of translocator protein (TSPO) 18 kDa is increased. Over the past several years, [ 11 C]DAA1106 has emerged as a reliable radiotracer for labeling TSPO with high affinity during positron emission tomography (PET) scanning. While [ 11 C]DAA1106 PET scanning has been used in several research studies, a radiation dosimetry study of this radiotracer in humans has not yet been published. Methods: Twelve healthy participants underwent full body dynamic [ 11 C]DAA1106 PET scanning, with 8 sequential whole body scans (approximately 12 bed positions each), following a single injection. Regions of interest were drawn manually, and time activity curves (TACs) were obtained for 15 organs. OLINDA/EXM 1.1 was used to compute radiation absorbed doses to the target organs, as well as effective dose (ED) and effective dose equivalent (EDE). Results: The ED and EDE were 4.06 ± 0.58 μSv/MBq and 5.89 ± 0.83 μSv/MBq, respectively. The highest absorbed doses were to the heart wall, kidney, liver, pancreas, and spleen. TACs revealed that peak dose rates are during the first scan (at 6 min) for all organs other than the urinary bladder wall, which had its peak dose rate during the fourth scan (at 30 min). Conclusions: The recently developed radiotracer [ 11 C]DAA1106 has its EDE and target-organ absorbed dose such that, for a single administration, its radiation dosimetry is well within the U.S. FDA guidelines for basic research studies in adults. This dose level implies that the dosimetry for multiple [ 11 C]DAA1106 scans within a given year also falls within FDA guidelines, and this favorable property makes this radiotracer suitable for examining microglial activation repeatedly over time, which may in the future be useful for longitudinal tracking of disease progression and monitoring of therapy response in conditions marked by neuroinflammation (e.g., head trauma and multiple sclerosis).

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