Berkeley Program in Law and Economics
Confidentiality and the Market Provision of Safety
- Author(s): Daughety, Andrew
- Reinganum, Jennifer F.
- et al.
We provide a model showing that the use of confidential settlement as a strategy for a firm facing tort litigation leads to lower average safety of products sold than would occur if the firm were committed to openness. A rational risk-neutral consumer's response in a market, wherein a firm engages in confidential settlements, may be to reduce demand. A firm committed to openness incurs higher liability and R&D costs, though product demand is not diminished. We identify conditions such that if the cost of credible auditing (to verify openness) is low enough, a firm prefers to eschew confidentiality.