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Open Access Publications from the University of California

Destruction of conifer seed and methods of protection

  • Author(s): Radwan, M. A.
  • et al.

Agents responsible for losses of conifer seed and methods for seed protection are reviewed. Published information indicates that much seed is destroyed, especially by seed-eating rodents and birds. Improvement of existing protective methods and development of new chemical means are necessary to overcome the problem.

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