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Open Access Publications from the University of California

Nanophotonic Devices Based on Indium Phosphide Nanopillars Grown Directly on Silicon

  • Author(s): Bhattacharya, Indrasen
  • Advisor(s): Chang-Hasnain, Connie
  • et al.

III-V optoelectronic device integration in a CMOS post-process compatible manner is important for the intimate integration of silicon-based electronic and photonic integrated circuits. The low temperature, self-catalyzed growth of high crystalline quality Wurtzite-phase InP nanopillars directly on silicon presents a viable approach to integrate high performance nano-optoelectronic devices.

For the optical transmitter side of the photonic link, InGaAs quantum wells have been grown in a core-shell manner within InP nanopillars. Position-controlled growth with varying pitch is used to systematically control emission wavelength across the same growth substrate. These nanopillars have been fabricated into electrically-injected quantum well in nanopillar LEDs operating within the silicon transparent 1400-1550 nm spectral window and efficiently emitting micro-watts of power. A high quality factor (Q ~ 1000) undercut cavity quantum well nanolaser is demonstrated, operating in the silicon-transparent wavelength range up to room temperature under optical excitation.

We also demonstrate an InP nanopillar phototransistor as a sensitive, low-capacitance photoreceiver for the energy-efficient operation of a complete optical link. Efficient absorption in a compact single nanopillar InP photo-BJT leads to a simultaneously high responsivity of 9.5 A/W and high 3dB-bandwidth of 7 GHz.

For photovoltaic energy harvesting, a sparsely packed InP nanopillar array can absorb ~90% of the incident light because of the large absorption cross section of these near-wavelength nanopillars. Experimental data based on wavelength and angle resolved integrating sphere measurements will be presented to discuss the nearly omnidirectional absorption properties of these nanopillar arrays.

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