Hypoelliptic heat kernel inequalities on H-type groups
We study inequalities related to the heat kernel for the hypoelliptic sublaplacian on an H-type Lie group. Specifically, we obtain precise pointwise upper and lower bounds on the heat kernel function itself. We then apply these bounds to derive an estimate on the gradient of solutions of the heat equation, which is known to have various significant consequences including logarithmic Sobolev inequalities. We also present a computation of the heat kernel, and a discussion of the geometry of H-type groups including their geodesics and Carnot-Carathéodory distance functions.