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Open Access Publications from the University of California

Esophageal Compliance Quantifies Epithelial Remodeling in Pediatric Patients With Eosinophilic Esophagitis.

  • Author(s): Hassan, Maheen
  • Aceves, Seema
  • Dohil, Ranjan
  • Gharibans, Armen
  • Newbury, Robert
  • Proudfoot, James
  • Mousa, Hayat
  • et al.

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BACKGROUND:The management of eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) relies on the severity of esophageal eosinophilia, yet there is poor evidence of its prediction of esophageal fibrotic remodeling and subsequent complications such as dysphagia, food impactions, or strictures. Functional luminal imaging planimetry (FLIP) has had limited use in pediatric patients to evaluate esophageal tissue mechanics. We aimed to standardize the FLIP technique and to measure esophageal compliance in children with EoE in comparison to controls. METHODS:Subjects were enrolled into a prospective observational study and had FLIP performed at the time of endoscopy. We calculated esophageal distensibility and compliance for the total and segmental esophagus independently (ie, proximal, middle, and distal esophageal segments). We evaluated esophageal biopsies for eosinophilia and epithelial remodeling, calculated endoscopy scores, and documented patient symptoms. RESULTS:We enrolled 11 EoE and 12 controls subjects, aged 5 to 18 years old. While EoE subjects had lower esophageal compliance (P = 0.004) than controls, the difference in distensibility did not reach significance (P = 0.151). Epithelial remodeling severity was more strongly correlated with compliance than with distensibility. Epithelial remodeling scores ≥2 had a significant association with lower compliance both segmentally and in the entire esophagus (P = 0.029), but not with distensibility. Compliance measures were more sensitive in detecting subjects with remodeling score ≥2 than distensibility (79% vs 64%). CONCLUSIONS:Compliance is a more sensitive measure of esophageal epithelial remodeling in children compared to distensibility, and a more appropriate measure of esophageal tissue mechanics. Standardized placement of the FLIP catheter is important to accurately assess esophageal compliance.

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