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Open Access Publications from the University of California

Fine grain software pipelining of non-vectorizable nested loops


This paper presents a new technique to parallelize nested loops at the statement level. It transforms sequential nested loops, either vectorizable or not, into parallel ones. Previously, the wavefront method was used to parallelize non-vectorizable nested loops. However, in order to reduce the complexity of parallelization, the wavefront method regards an iteration as an unbreakable scheduling unit and draws parallelism through iteration overlapping. Our technique takes a statement rather than an iteration as the scheduling unit and exploits parallelism by overlapping the statements in all dimensions. In this paper, we show how this finer grain parallelization can be achieved with reasonable computational complexity, and the effectiveness of the resulting method in exploiting parallelism.

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