The Environmental Impacts of Logistics Systems and Options for Mitigation
This paper presents a discussion directed at determining the most progressive options for shifting the freight logistics industry towards having more sustainable-oriented goals. The authors first discuss transportation sustainability and the concept of green logistics. This is followed by a discussion on externalities resulting from vehicle emissions and indirect environmental externalities. The problem of environmental externalities is then examined, with focus on emissions and other related data. The authors then examine options for reducing environmental externalities. They discuss impact considerations, options focused on emissions reduction, changing freight sector operations, and considerations regarding demand and economic development.