Simulation Evaluation of Green Driving Strategies Based on Inter-Vehicle Communications
Transportation system produces a large percentage of local pollutants including hydrocarbons (HC), carbon monoxide (CO), carbon dioxide from switching to alternative fuels, one measure would be to apply information and communication technologies to help us drive more smoothly so as to decrease pollutants emissions. This paper studies potential benefits of two green driving strategies based on inter-vehicle communication (IVC). Here green driving strategies are similar to intelligent speed adaptation , but we assume that an IVC-equipped vehicle is able to receive detailed trajectory information from other such vehicles with the help of IVC. For the purpose of evaluation, we integrate Newell’s car-following model and VT-Micro to establish a simulation platform. Market penetration rates of IVC-equipped vehicles and delivery delays of messages are two prominent features of IVC systems. We simulate stop-and-go traffic to calculate potential reductions in air pollutant emissions and fuel consumption under different market penetration rates and delivery delays. Results show that significant savings under frequent stop-and-go traffic conditions may be obtained with our strategies (HC: -88.3%, CO: -95.8%, NOx: -91.5%, CO2: -36.3%, Fuel Consumption: -71.3%) for the same travel time and almost the same overall travel distance. It is also shown that relatively large savings can be achieved even for a market penetration rate as low as 1% and communication delays larger than 2 minutes. In the future we will investigate environmental benefits of green driving strategies for more traffic scenarios and realistic communication scenarios.