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Open Access Publications from the University of California

Efficacy of CALM Application for Improving High School Students' Subjective Wellbeing

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The purpose of this quasi-experimental, single-group, pretest-posttest study is to share the difference that existed in the subjective wellbeing of high school students before and after listening to a guided mindfulness meditation from an online application. The theoretical foundation was positive psychology and the PERMA model. The sample consisted of 83 students (67 females, 15 males, one unidentified). Students participated via ZOOM and completed the EPOCH Measure on days one and five. A repeated measures MANOVA was used to address the research question. The overall MANOVA was statistically significant, Roy's Largest Root = 1.07, F (5, 78) = 16.64, p < .001, partial ƞ2 = .52. Therefore, a series of repeated measures ANOVAs were conducted to examine each dimension of the EPOCH Measure of Adolescent Wellbeing (engagement, perseverance, optimism, connectedness, and happiness). There was a significant difference in each dimension, so the null hypothesis was rejected.

Ana York, Assistant Professor, CSU Stanislaus

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