Skip to main content
eScholarship
Open Access Publications from the University of California

UCLA

UCLA Previously Published Works bannerUCLA

The proton electrochemical gradient induces a kinetic asymmetry in the symport cycle of LacY.

  • Author(s): Jiang, Xiaoxu;
  • Ermolova, Natalia;
  • Lim, John;
  • Choi, Seo Woo;
  • Kaback, H Ronald
  • et al.
Abstract

LacY catalyzes accumulation of galactosides against a concentration gradient by coupling galactoside and H+ transport (i.e., symport). While alternating access of sugar- and H+-binding sites to either side of the membrane is driven by binding and dissociation of sugar, the electrochemical H+ gradient ([Formula: see text]) functions kinetically by decreasing the Km for influx 50- to 100-fold with no change in Kd The affinity of protonated LacY for sugar has an apparent pK (pKapp) of ∼10.5, due specifically to the pKa of Glu325, a residue that plays an irreplaceable role in coupling. In this study, rates of lactose/H+ efflux were measured from pH 5.0 to 9.0 in the absence or presence of a membrane potential (ΔΨ, interior positive), and the effect of the imposed ΔΨ on the kinetics of efflux was also studied in right-side-out membrane vesicles. The findings reveal that [Formula: see text] induces an asymmetry in the transport cycle based on the following observations: 1) the efflux rate of WT LacY exhibits a pKapp of ∼7.2 that is unaffected by the imposed ΔΨ; 2) ΔΨ increases the rate of efflux at all tested pH values, but enhancement is almost 2 orders of magnitude less than observed for influx; 3) mutant Glu325 - Ala does little or no efflux in the absence or presence of ΔΨ, and ambient pH has no effect; and 4) the effect of ΔΨ (interior positive) on the Km for efflux is almost insignificant relative to the 50- to 100-fold decrease in the Km for influx driven by ΔΨ (interior negative).

Many UC-authored scholarly publications are freely available on this site because of the UC's open access policies. Let us know how this access is important for you.

Main Content
For improved accessibility of PDF content, download the file to your device.
Current View