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Narrow Feshbach Bound State of an Ultracold Atom Pair with an Extrapolation to a Many Body Phase

  • Author(s): Lopez, Nicolas
  • Advisor(s): Tsai, Shan-Wen
  • et al.

Trapped cold atoms at very low temperatures, now readily accessible experimentally, can be controlled and serve as a testing ground for many theoretical physical properties which are paralleled in condensed matter systems. Ultracold trapped atom experiments show promise to recreate analogous condensed matter systems in a controlled environment and to create novel many-body quantum states of matter. The tunability of trapping laser intensities and magnetically controlled Feshbach interactions are the main tools for varying lattice hopping strengths and inter-particle interactions. In this thesis, we search for the phase of a many-body system of cold fermion atoms that can convert to boson molecules and vice versa. We then look at the microscopic details of two atoms that interact to form a quasibound molecule. Our two-atom model explains the mechanism behind the magnetically tunable interparticle interaction known as the Feshbach resonance. We find a dependence of the bound pair formation on the two-particle energy. Our results show that if a magnetic field can be fine tuned to sufficient precision, of order 10 mG, a narrow resonance can be achieved where longer lived bound states can be created. This narrow resonance reconciliates the two-body physics with the effective Hamiltonian that describes the many-body system.

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