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Open Access Publications from the University of California

In Traffic Flow, Cellular Automata = Kinematic Waves


This paper proves that the vehicle trajectories predicted by (i) a simple linear carfollowing model, CF(L), (ii) the kinematic wave model with a triangular fundamental diagram, KW(T), and (iii) two cellular automata models CA(L) and CA(M) match everywhere to within a tolerance comparable with a single "jam spacing". Thus, CF(L) = KW(T) = CA(L,M).

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