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Open Access Publications from the University of California

Photon Pairs from a Silicon Photonic Chip

  • Author(s): Kumar, Ranjeet
  • Advisor(s): Mookherjea, Shayan
  • et al.

Photon pair sources with the capability to tune the wavelength and correlation properties of the generated photons can be useful for quantum applications such as communication, sensing, and computing. Silicon devices based on the SOI (silicon-on-insulator) platform benefits from both tight modal confinement, due to high index contrast between core and cladding, and CMOS compatible manufacturing process, making it a suitable platform for such sources. In the present work, we discuss the possibility of using planar resonant silicon devices with bend radii of a few tens of microns as photon pair sources. We discuss that a silicon nanophotonic chip consisting of either a single microring or coupled microrings can be used to generate photon pairs around 1.55 um. We discuss that the photons are generated in multiple pairs of wavelengths and can be tuned over several nanometers, demonstrating the capability to generate wavelength division multiplexed photon pairs at freely chosen telecommunication-band wavelengths. Further on, we discuss the ease of control over the bi-photon spectrum of the generated photon pairs and its implication in controlling their correlation properties. Uncorrelated photon pairs can be used to herald a single photon, and correlated photon pairs can be used in various quantum applications such as communication and sensing. In the end, we discuss the design parameters of a single microring resonator based sources.

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