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Open Access Publications from the University of California

Derivation of the Viscous Moore-Greitzer Equation for Aeroengine Flow

  • Author(s): Birnir, Bjorn
  • Hou, Songming
  • Wellander, Niklas
  • et al.

The viscous Moore-Greitzer equation modeling the airflow through the compression system in turbomachines, such as a jet engine, is derived using a scaled Navier-Stokes equation. The method utilizes a separation of scales argument, based on the different spatial scales in the engine and the different time scales in the flow. The pitch and size of the rotor-stator pair of blades provides a small parameter, which is the size of the local cell. The motion of the stator and rotor blades in the compressor produces a very turbulent flow on a fast time scale. The leading order equation, for the fast-time and local scale, describes this turbulent flow. The next order equations, produce an axi-symmetric swirl and a flow-pattern analogous to Rayleigh-B´enard convection rolls in Rayleigh-B´enard convection. On a much larger spatial scale and a slower time scale, there exist modulations of the flow including instabilities called surge and stall. A higher order equation, in the small parameter, describes these global flow modulations, when averaged over the small (local) spatial scales, the fast time scale and the time scale of the vortex rotations. Thus a more general system of spatially global, slow-time equations is obtained. This system can be solved numerically without any approximations. The viscous Moore- Greitzer equation is obtained when small inertial terms are dropped from these slow-time, spatially global equations, averaged once more in the axial direction. The new equations are simulated with two different simplifying assumptions and the results compared with simulations of the viscous Moore-Greitzer equations.

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