Confidence Sets for the Date of a Single Break in Linear Time Series Regressions
We consider the problem of constructing confidence sets for the date of a single break in a linear time series regression. We establish analytically and by small sample simulation that he currently standard method in econometrics to construct such intervals has a coverage rate far below nominal levels when breaks are of moderate magnitude. Given that such breaks are a theoretically and empirically highly relevant phenomenon, we proceed to develop an appropriate alternative. We suggest constructing confidence sets by inverting a sequence of tests. Each test maintains a specific break date under the null hypothesis, and rejects when a break occurs elsewhere. By inverting a certain variant of a modified locally best invariant test, we ensure that the asymptotic critical value does not depend on the maintained break date. A valid confidence set can hence be obtained by assessing which of the sequence of test statistics exceeds a single number.