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Host Actin Polymerization Tunes the Cell Division Cycle of an Intracellular Pathogen

  • Author(s): Siegrist, SM
  • Aditham, AK
  • Espaillat, A
  • Cameron, TA
  • Whiteside, SA
  • Cava, F
  • Portnoy, DA
  • Bertozzi, CR
  • et al.

Published Web Location

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25892235
No data is associated with this publication.
Abstract

© 2015 The Authors. Growth and division are two of the most fundamental capabilities of a bacterial cell. While they are well described for model organisms growing in broth culture, very little is known about the cell division cycle of bacteria replicating in more complex environments. Using a D-alanine reporter strategy, we found that intracellular Listeria monocytogenes (. Lm) spend a smaller proportion of their cell cycle dividing compared to Lm growing in broth culture. This alteration to the cell division cycle is independent of bacterial doubling time. Instead, polymerization of host-derived actin at the bacterial cell surface extends the non-dividing elongation period and compresses the division period. By decreasing the relative proportion of dividing Lm, actin polymerization biases the population toward cells with the highest propensity to form actin tails. Thus, there is a positive-feedback loop between the Lm cell divisioncycle and a physical interaction with the host cytoskeleton.

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