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Global gene profiling of VCP-associated inclusion body myopathy

  • Author(s): Nalbandian, Angele
  • Ghimbovschi, Svetlana
  • Radom-Aizik, Shlomit
  • Dec, Eric
  • Vesa, Jouni
  • Martin, Barbara
  • Knoblach, Susan
  • Smith, Charles
  • Hoffman, Eric
  • Kimonis, Virginia E.
  • et al.
Abstract

Inclusion body myopathy associated with Paget disease of bone and frontotemporal dementia (IBMPFD) is an autosomal dominant disorder caused by mutations in the Valosin Containing Protein (VCP) gene on chromosome 9p12-13. Patients demonstrate limb girdle muscle weakness, which eventually progresses to involve respiratory muscles, and death from respiratory and cardiac failure. This is the first investigation to analyze key molecular mediators and signaling cascades in skeletal muscle causing myopathy by global gene microarray in hopes of understanding the dysregulated genes and molecular mechanisms underlying IBMPFD and the hope of finding novel therapeutic targets. We determined expression profiles using Human Genome Array microarray technology in Vastus lateralis muscles from patients and their first degree relatives. We analyzed gene annotations by DAVID and identified differentially dysregulated genes with roles in several novel biological pathways, including regulation of actin cytoskeleton, ErbB signaling, cancer, in addition to regulation of autophagy, and lysosomal signaling, known disrupted pathways in VCP disease. In this report, we present data from the first global microarray analyzing IBMPFD patient muscles and elucidating dysregulated pathways to further understand the pathogenesis of the disease and discover potential therapeutics.

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