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Cover page of Protocol for a Scoping/Systematic Review: Scoping Review of Vaccination for the Prevention of Calf Scours in Cow-Calf Operations

Protocol for a Scoping/Systematic Review: Scoping Review of Vaccination for the Prevention of Calf Scours in Cow-Calf Operations

(2020)

Background: The use of antimicrobials in the livestock industry has been a topic of increasing concern in the last  few years. Calf scours is one of the main causes of mortality among calves younger than 1 month and affects the development of the animal, representing severe economic losses to the producers. The causes of the disease include a variety of viral, bacterial and protozoal pathogens, and other non-infectious causes. The treatment efficacy, in particular of antimicrobial therapy, depends on the type of infection. Blanket antimicrobial treatment for calf scours without identification of the pathogen may contribute to antimicrobial resistance. In this review we explore the available literature for evidence of effective methods to prevent calf scours in cow-calf operations in California through the use of vaccination.

Objectives:  The objective of this scoping review is to examine and describe the existing literature on vaccination for the prevention of calf scours that might reduce the incidence of calf scours by different causes, and therefore reduce the use of antimicrobials due to calf scours.

Design: Primary research on vaccination for pathogens that cause calf scours will be considered for inclusion, such as studies conducted in pre-weaned calves that report the efficacy of vaccines for the prevention of calf scours. The process for selection and inclusion of the studies will be reported in a flow chart according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA). The results will be summarized in tables and charts describing study types, interventions and outcomes.

Cover page of <strong>Protocol for a Scoping/Systematic Review: Non-antimicrobial approaches for the prevention or treatment of infectious bovine keratoconjunctivitis applicable to cow-calf operations</strong>.

Protocol for a Scoping/Systematic Review: Non-antimicrobial approaches for the prevention or treatment of infectious bovine keratoconjunctivitis applicable to cow-calf operations.

(2019)

Antimicrobial stewardship promotes best practices for the prevention, treatment and control of diseases that require antimicrobial treatment such that development of antimicrobial resistance is prevented and/or reduced. Infectious bovine keratoconjunctivitis (IBK, pinkeye) is one of the most important diseases requiring use of antimicrobials in cow-calf operations in California according to a recent survey of ranchers in this state conducted by the California Department of Food and Agriculture. The efficacy of antimicrobial treatments for the disease have been well documented and summarized. However, less information is available on non-antimicrobial measures to prevent, control or treat the disease. In order to inform best practices for the judicious use of antimicrobials on cow-calf operations, this review explores the literature for evidence of effective methods to prevent pinkeye as well as of effective non-antimicrobial treatments.

Cover page of  <em>Effectiveness of Antimicrobials in the Treatment of Neonatal Diarrhea in Calves: A protocol for a Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. </em>Authors:  Bernal Cordoba, Erik Davis Fausak, N. Silva del Rio

 Effectiveness of Antimicrobials in the Treatment of Neonatal Diarrhea in Calves: A protocol for a Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. Authors:  Bernal Cordoba, Erik Davis Fausak, N. Silva del Rio

(2019)

Background:Neonatal diarrhea affects nearly 25% of pre-weaned calves. Prevention through management practices is the preferable approach to control diarrhea. Once calves experience diarrhea, fluids, electrolytes and acid-base balance need to be restored. Severe cases of diarrhea should be treated with antimicrobials but the need of antimicrobials in mild and moderate clinical cases it is still under debate.

Objectives:The objective of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of antimicrobial treatments or the comparative efficacy of antimicrobials treatments in calves with mild, moderate and severe diarrhea.

Design: The search strategy will be based on population (calves with diarrhea), and intervention (antimicrobial therapy). The following data bases will be used: Medline, CAB abstracts, Scopus, and Biosis. The outcomes of interest will be the occurrence and persistence of clinical signs of diarrhea, rate of growth, weight gain, feed efficiency or mortality.

Cover page of LEF: An Index

LEF: An Index

(2014)

LEF, or Zhurnal levogo fronta iskusstv, was the main organ (1924-1928) of the Left Front for the Arts (1922-1929), an outgrowth of the avant-garde strain of early Soviet culture spearheaded by Russian Futurism.  Its aim included advancing Russian Futurism, as well as developing what was known as "literatura fakta." LEF’s first editor-in-chief was Vladimir Majakovskij, and other regular contributors included writers and critics such as Viktor Shklovskij, Osip Brik, Boris Kushner, Boris Arvatov, Nikolaj Chizhak, Sergej Tret'jakov, Semen Kirsanov, and Nikolaj Aseev.  LEF published the work of a number of Soviet (and foreign) writers, including Boris Pasternak, Andrej Kruchenyx, Isaak Babel', etc., as well as artists, designers, and filmmakers such as Aleksandr Rodchenko (LEF's artistic director), Varvara Stepanova, Anton Lavinskij, Lev Kuleshov, Dziga Vertov, Esfir' Shub, Sergej Ejzenshtejn, etc.  The first complete electronically accessible table of contents for every issue of LEF follows.  Unless otherwise noted, A. M. Rodchenko was responsible for the layout and design for the journal throughout its run.

Cover page of Viticulture and Enology Holdings from the Institute for Adriatic Crops and Karst Reclamation (Split, HR): A Checklist

Viticulture and Enology Holdings from the Institute for Adriatic Crops and Karst Reclamation (Split, HR): A Checklist

(2014)

A check-list of publications on grapes and wine held in the archives of the Institute for Adriatic Crops and Karst Reclamation (Split, Croatia), include unique items.

Cover page of E-Science Day

E-Science Day

(2012)

Held on December 6, 2011, E-Science Day was a day-long event, funded by the National Network of Libraries of Medicine Pacific Southwest Region (NN/LM PSR). Available in a blended format (i.e. via in-person attendance and via webinar), the proceedings of the event were recorded for archival purposes.

The objectives guiding the planning of the event were: to educate regional librarians in e-science, and to expose regional librarians to information and resources designed to encourage the initiation of e-science support projects within their own libraries and institutions. The event programming featured keynote and panel presentations from experts in topics pertinent to e-science, as well as a lightning round session with presentations detailing real-life applications of e-science-related projects and initiatives. Following this educational portion, event attendees were then divided into break-out groups for the interactive/think-tank portion of the day. Each group had a set of questions to address, while the group facilitator recorded the notes that were then presented after all attendees reconvened. The intended outcome from these break-out groups and reconvening was to come up with ideas that the NN/LM PSR could pursue in future support of e-science activities among regional members. Upon completion of the event, several ideas were noted by the NN/LM PSR to be considered in future e-science planning.

Please view the "Supporting Material" to access the videorecording of the event.

This project has been funded in whole or in part with Federal funds from the Department of Health and Human Services, National Institutes of Health, National Library of Medicine, under Contract No. HHS-N-276-2011-00009-C with the UCLA Louise M. Darling Biomedical Library.

Every effort is made to ensure that the information available here is accessible to all. If you use special adaptive equipment to access the Web and encounter problems when using these documents and supporting materials, please let the author know. The author will try to provide the information to you in an alternate format.

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