A two-color two-photon atomic double ionization experiment using subfemtosecond UV pulses can be designed such that the sequential two-color process dominates and one electron is ejected by each pulse. Nonetheless, ab initio calculations show that, for sufficiently short pulses, a prominent interference pattern in the joint energy distribution of the sequentially ejected electrons can be observed that is due to their indistinguishability and the exchange symmetry of the wave function.

# Your search: "author:Rescigno, Thomas N."

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## Scholarly Works (45 results)

The time-dependent Schr\"odinger equation for H2+ in a time-varying electromagnetic field is solved in the fixed-nuclei approximation using a previously developed finite-element/ discrete variable representation in prolate spheroidal coordinates. Amplitudes for single- and two-photon ionization are obtained using the method of exterior complex scaling to effectively propagate the field-free solutions from the end of the radiation pulse to infinite times. Cross sections are presented for one-and two-photon ionization for both parallel and perpendicular polarization of the photon field, as well as photoelectron angular distributions for two-photon ionization.

We report the results of ab initio calculations of cross sections and molecular-frame photoelectron angular distributions for C 1s ionization of CO2, and propose a mechanism for the recently observed asymmetry of those angular distributions with respect to the CO^+and O^+ions produced by subsequent Auger decay. The fixed-nuclei, photoionization amplitudes were constructed using variationally obtained electron-molecular ion scattering wave functions. We have also carried out electronic structure calculations which identify a dissociative state of the CO2^++ dication that is likely populated following Auger decay and which leads to O^+ + CO^+ fragment ions. We show that a proper accounting of vibrational motion in the computation of the photoelectron angular distributions, along with reasonable assumptions about the nuclear dissociation dynamics, gives results in good agreement with recent experimental observations. We also demonstrate that destructive interference between different partial waves accounts for sudden changes with photon energy in the observed angular distributions.

The angular dependence of dissociative electron attachment (DEA) to polyatomic targets is formulated in the local complex potential model, under the assumption that the axial recoil approximation describes the dissociation dynamics. An additional approximation, which is found to be valid in the case of H2O but not in the case of H2S, makes it possible to describe the angular dependence of DEA solely from an analysis of the fixed-nuclei entrance amplitude, without carrying out nuclear dynamics calculations. For H2S, the final-vibrational-state-specific angular dependence of DEA isobtained by incorporating the variation of the angular dependence of the entrance amplitude with nuclear geometry into the nuclear dynamics. Scattering calculations using the complex Kohn method and, for H2S, full quantum calculations of the nuclear dynamics using the Multi-Configuration Time-Dependent Hartree method, are performed.

We present the results of ab initio calculations for elastic electron scattering by tetrahydrofuran (THF) using the complex Kohn variational method. We carried out fixed-nuclei calculations at the equilibrium geometry of the target molecule for incident electron energies up to 20 eV. The calculated momentum transfer cross sections clearly reveal the presence of broad shape resonance behavior in the 8-10 eV energy range, in agreement with recent experiments. The calculated differential cross sections at 20 eV, which include the effects of the long-range electron-dipole interaction, are alsofound to be in agreement with the most recent experimental findings.

Low-energy electrons (<2 eV) can fragment gas phase formic acid (HCOOH) molecules through resonant dissociative attachment processes. Recent experiments have shown that the principal reaction products of such collisions are formate ions (HCOO-) and hydrogen atoms. Using first-principles electron scattering calculations, we have identified the responsible negative ion state as a transient \pi* anion. Symmetry considerations dictate that the associated dissociation dynamics are intrinsically polyatomic: a second anion surface, connected to the first by a conical intersection, is involved in the dynamics and the transient anion must necessarily deform to non-planar geometries before it can dissociate to the observed stable products.

A numerically solvable two-dimensional model introduced by the authors [Phys. Rev. A 73, 032721 (2006)] is used to investigate the validity of the nonlocal approximation to the dynamics of resonant collisions of electrons with diatomic molecules. The nonlocal approximation to this model is derived in detail, all underlying assumptions are specified and explicit expressions for the resonant and non-resonant (background) T matrix for the studied processes are given. Different choices of the so-called discrete state, which fully determines the nonlocal approximation, are discussed and it is shown that a physical choice of this state can in general give poorer results than other choices that minimize the non-adiabatic effects and/or the background terms of the T matrix. The background contributions to the cross sections, which are usually not considered in the resonant theory of electron-molecule collisions, can be significant not only for elastic scattering but also for the inelastic process of vibrational excitation.

Above 54.4 eV, two-photon double ionization of helium is dominated by a sequential absorption process, producing characteristic behavior in the single and triple differential cross sections. We show that the signature of this process is visible in the nuclear recoil cross section, integrated over all energy sharings of the ejected electrons, even below the threshold for the sequential process. Since nuclear recoil momentum imaging does not require coincident photoelectron measurement, the predicted images present a viable target for future experiments with new short-pulse VUV and soft X-ray sources.

The potential energy surfaces corresponding to the long-lived fixed-nuclei electron scatering resonances of H$_2$O relevant to the dissociative electron attachment process are examined using a combination of ab initio scattering and bound-state calculations. These surfaces have a rich topology, characterized by three main features: a conical intersection between the $^2A_1$ and $^2B_2$ Feshbach resonance states; charge-transfer behavior in the OH ($^2\Pi$) + H$^-$ asymptote of the $^2B_1$ and $^2A_1$ resonances; and an inherent double-valuedness of the surface for the $^2B_2$ state the C$_2v$ geometry, arising from a branch-point degeneracy with a $^2B_2$ shape resonance. In total, eight individual seams of degeneracy among these resonances are located.