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eScholarship
Open Access Publications from the University of California

The Program in Law, Economics, and Institutions at U.C. Berkeley includes a weekly workshop for scholarly papers, fellowships for students, a program for visiting scholars, classes for students, and this working paper series. To find out more about us, visit our web site.

Cover page of POLÍTICAS PÚBLICAS E A DIFICULDADE DE EFETIVAR DIREITOS SOCIAIS NO BRASIL

POLÍTICAS PÚBLICAS E A DIFICULDADE DE EFETIVAR DIREITOS SOCIAIS NO BRASIL

(2012)

PUBLIC POLICIES AND THE DIFFICULTY TO IMPLEMENT SOCIAL RIGHTS IN BRAZIL

Abstract

With the enactment of the Constitution of 1988, the federal entities were given more autonomy and as a consequence, they started to be competent to plan and execute public policies, in order to accomplish social rights. However, the efficacy of these policies depends on the existence of resources, which makes the promotion of all the fundamental rights difficult. Therefore, the government should choose its investments priorities, assessing the budget capacity, since money is not sufficient to provide all the rights. In addition, society should play a more active role in the planning of public policies.

Cover page of Análisis Económico del Derecho del Consumidor: elección, heurísticas y sesgos de percepción.

Análisis Económico del Derecho del Consumidor: elección, heurísticas y sesgos de percepción.

(2012)

This paper attempts to identify and characterize some of the heuristics that are present in the consumer decision-making in markets where information, regarding the quality or intrinsic risk associated with consumption of goods, is not perfect. In doing so we  integrate some tools coming from mainstream Law and Economics, socio-cognitive psychology and behavioral economics in order to evaluate the influence of these elements, taking mandatory warranties, as a preliminary case study.

Cover page of ¿Puede modificarse el riesgo en los contratos de seguro?

¿Puede modificarse el riesgo en los contratos de seguro?

(2012)

Resumen:El riesgo es un elemento esencial de toda clase de seguros. Por eso en este artículo examinaremos las modificaciones que pueden afectar al contrato de seguros cuando cambia el riesgo. Centraremos nuestro estudio en la agravación del riesgo, la disminución del riesgo y lo que hemos denominado la “distorsión del riesgo”, ya que el seguro es utilizado con fines distintos de los mercantiles, en las fronteras de la licitud del contrato.