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Open Access Publications from the University of California


Welcome! The Equilibrium is an Open Access undergraduate, interdisciplinary research journal supported by Earl Warren College at UC San Diego. Founded in 2013, The Equilibrium was established to publish student research at UCSD, connect the faculty to the student body, provide research-related resources and information, and support stimulating academic discourse and exchange of ideas and research at the undergraduate level. It is intended to not only be an opportunity for students involved in research to showcase their work and form a supportive community, but is also a way to get other students inspired and involved with research. The Equilibrium works directly under the Warren Provost’s Office. The Equilibrium accepts student research submissions from ALL UCSD colleges and in ANY discipline.

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GD Doped Hollow Silica Shells for Tumor Ablation and MRI

Recently, Hollow Silica Shells have been explored for various biomedical applications due to their biocompatibility. Hollow silica shells offer the exibility to adjust their physical and mechanical properties (diameter, shell thickness, shell strength, etc.) as well as their chemical properties via elemental doping or surface chemical modi cation. Hollow silica shells are formed by a unique polymerization reaction between silicic acid into SiO2, creating a layer covering a polystyrene beads as sacri cial templates. The template is then removed via solvent dissolution or heat, yielding a hollow SiO2 shell.

The Legitimacy of Repression: The History of Martial Law in British Controlled Palestine

This study will rst provide a clear framing of colonialism by addressing the theoretical overview provided by Osterhammel in conjunction with comparative historical discussions. The discussion will then continue with the origins and development of martial law in Palestine, beginning with the establishment of the Mandate system to the present day. Finally, we will end with an evaluation of the relationship between Israel and Palestine and create a more nuanced view and a fresh examination of the structure behind the conflict.

The Significance of a Bipartite/ Tripartite Division of the Psyche

Both Plato and Aristotle divide the soul into a distinct number of parts; Plato opts for a tripartite division, while Aristotle opts for a bipartite division. In most of his works, Plato defends a tripartite division of the soul, for example, in the Republic, Phaedrus, Apology, etc. dividing it into the appetitive, spirited and rational parts of the soul; however, in certain works, such as The Timaeus, a bipartite division is discussed, although he never abandons the tripartite division. Plato’s division of the soul is mainly developed in the context of discussions of politics and corresponds to his ideal state, in which there are three kinds of citizens. Aristotle, on the other hand, defends a bipartite division of the soul, dividing it into the rational and the irrational. The motive for dividing the soul into a bipartite or tripartite division is partly political and to explain human behavior, motivations or character types. I will argue that both Plato and Aristotle’s division of the soul agree that there are at least two, parts of the soul, namely, the rational and irrational; however, Aristotle’s division is superior because it is a simpler, more elegant version of Plato’s.

Comprehensive Screenings for Diabetes, Hypertension, and Mental Illness in Rural India

Diabetes, hypertension, and mental health illnesses constitute a substantial portion of the healthcare burden in rural India. These issues, if left untreated, can lead to debilitating diseases and further burdens on society. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence hypertension, diabetes, and mental health illnesses in a rural Indian population. It was hypothesized that high levels of hypertension and diabetes would be present in the rural Indian village, along with a higher prevalence of depression in this community compared to other rural areas due to the high incidence of disability in the village. The health screening was conducted on 1195 patients with 973 respondents included in the study. The first phase of the study showed that a majority of the respondents had above average blood pressure values, high incidences of underweight patients, and a moderate number of respondents at risk for diabetes. The second phase of the study showed that half of the population surveyed had a depression level of moderate or higher severity. In addition, the results of the anxiety also identified that a majority of the population suffered from mild to moderate anxiety. Drastic improvements in access to education, diet, and health care are required in order to alleviate the medical conditions assessed in this study. Furthermore, the results from the depression and anxiety screenings show a large population that requires mental health treatment, although any connection between the specific disabilities faced by the villagers and these issues requires further investigation.