Skip to main content
eScholarship
Open Access Publications from the University of California

An ancestry informative marker set for determining continental origin: validation and extension using human genome diversity panels

  • Author(s): Nassir, Rami
  • Kosoy, Roman
  • Tian, Chao
  • White, Phoebe A
  • Butler, Lesley M
  • Silva, Gabriel
  • Kittles, Rick
  • Alarcon-Riquelme, Marta E
  • Gregersen, Peter K
  • Belmont, John W
  • De La Vega, Francisco M
  • Seldin, Michael F
  • et al.
Abstract

Abstract Background Case-control genetic studies of complex human diseases can be confounded by population stratification. This issue can be addressed using panels of ancestry informative markers (AIMs) that can provide substantial population substructure information. Previously, we described a panel of 128 SNP AIMs that were designed as a tool for ascertaining the origins of subjects from Europe, Sub-Saharan Africa, Americas, and East Asia. Results In this study, genotypes from Human Genome Diversity Panel populations were used to further evaluate a 93 SNP AIM panel, a subset of the 128 AIMS set, for distinguishing continental origins. Using both model-based and relatively model-independent methods, we here confirm the ability of this AIM set to distinguish diverse population groups that were not previously evaluated. This study included multiple population groups from Oceana, South Asia, East Asia, Sub-Saharan Africa, North and South America, and Europe. In addition, the 93 AIM set provides population substructure information that can, for example, distinguish Arab and Ashkenazi from Northern European population groups and Pygmy from other Sub-Saharan African population groups. Conclusion These data provide additional support for using the 93 AIM set to efficiently identify continental subject groups for genetic studies, to identify study population outliers, and to control for admixture in association studies.

Many UC-authored scholarly publications are freely available on this site because of the UC Academic Senate's Open Access Policy. Let us know how this access is important for you.

Main Content
Current View