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Association of Serum Triglycerides and Renal Outcomes among 1.6 Million US Veterans.
Published Web Locationhttps://doi.org/10.1159/000522388
BackgroundPrevious studies have suggested that metabolic syndrome (MetS) components are associated with renal outcomes, defined as a decline in kidney function or reaching end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Elevated triglycerides (TGs) are a component of MetS that have been reported to be associated with renal outcomes. However, the association of TGs with renal outcomes in chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients independent of the other components of the MetS remains understudied.
MethodsWe examined 1,657,387 patients with data on TGs and other components of MetS in 2004-2006 and followed up until 2014. Patients with ESRD on renal replacement therapy were excluded. We examined time to ESRD, estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) slope (renal function decline), and time to incident CKD (eGFR <60 mL/min/1.73 m2) among baseline normal kidney function (non-CKD) patients, using Cox or logistic regression, adjusted for clinical characteristics and MetS components. We also stratified analyses by the number of MetS components.
ResultsThe cohort was on average 64 years old and comprised 5% females, 15% African Americans, and 24% with nondialysis-dependent CKD. Among non-CKD patients, the adjusted relationship of TGs with time to incident CKD was strong and linear. Compared to TGs 120-<160 mg/dL, higher TGs were associated with a faster renal function decline across all CKD stages. Elevated TGs ≥240 mg/dL were associated with a faster time to ESRD among non-CKD and CKD stages 3A-3B, while the risk gradually declined to null or lower in CKD stages 4-5. Models were robust after MetS component adjustment and stratification.
ConclusionIndependent of MetS components, high TGs levels were associated with a higher incidence of CKD and a faster renal function decline, yet showed no or inverse associations with time to ESRD in CKD stages 4-5. Examining the effects of TGs-lowering interventions on incident CKD and kidney preserving therapy warrants further studies including clinical trials.
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