Introduction to Volume 4
Conventional wisdom and common practice suggest that to preserve the independence of holistic judgments, they should precede analytic scoring. However, little is known about the effects of scoring order on the scores obtained or if true holistic scoring is even possible from the mind of a scorer who has already been trained to and will be asked to provide analytic scores as well. This research explores the matter of independence of scores and the effects of scoring order upon those judgments. Our analysis shows statistically significant differences in mean scores under the two conditions (holistic scoring preceding analytic and the reverse), with the holistic scores more nearly replicating "pure" holistic scoring only when it precedes the analytic. This research affirms that when readers will be asked to score both ways, holistic scoring should precede analytic scoring. It also suggests interesting insights into the cognitive processes engaged by scorers as they score holistically and analytically.