Skip to main content
eScholarship
Open Access Publications from the University of California

UC Irvine

UC Irvine Previously Published Works bannerUC Irvine

Characterization of cutaneous phototoxicity induced by topical alpha-terthienyl and ultraviolet A radiation.

  • Author(s): Rampone, WM;
  • McCullough, JL;
  • Weinstein, GD;
  • Towers, GH;
  • Berns, MW;
  • Abeysekera, B
  • et al.
Abstract

Alpha-terthienyl (alpha-T), a phototoxic thiophene compound isolated from marigolds (Tagetes species), affects cell membranes and does not appear to induce cytogenetic damage. This study was undertaken to investigate topical delivery of alpha-T and characterize its cutaneous phototoxicity in combination with long-wave UV radiation (UVA) in comparison with locally (intradermal) administered alpha-T. Percutaneous penetration (PC) of 0.1% and 1% alpha-T in a 3% Azone gel vehicle was studied in guinea pig skin in vitro and quantitated by UV fluorescence microscopy. Dose-dependent PC of epidermis, adnexae, and superficial dermis was demonstrated in vitro. Alpha-terthienyl (0.1% and 1%) in this vehicle was applied topically in vivo and irradiated with 30 J/cm2 UVA at intervals of 10 min-24 h. Maximum sensitization was achieved with irradiation 1 h following drug application. The clinical response was dose-dependent consisting of erythema, edema, crusting, erosion, and inhibition of hair growth and was observed 72 h to 7 days postirradiation. A comparable dose-dependent phototoxic response was observed when 5-500 micrograms alpha-T were injected intradermally and irradiated with UVA. These results indicated that low-dose topical alpha-T in a nonirritating vehicle can rapidly produce cutaneous photosensitization. Topical alpha-T/UVA may provide a selective and safer alternative approach for the photochemotherapy of psoriasis and other cutaneous diseases.

Many UC-authored scholarly publications are freely available on this site because of the UC's open access policies. Let us know how this access is important for you.

Main Content
For improved accessibility of PDF content, download the file to your device.
Current View