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One-Year Mortality after Contemporary Laparoscopic Bariatric Surgery: An Analysis of the Bariatric Outcomes Longitudinal Database.

  • Author(s): Inaba, Colette S;
  • Koh, Christina Y;
  • Sujatha-Bhaskar, Sarath;
  • Silva, Jack P;
  • Chen, Yanjun;
  • Nguyen, Danh V;
  • Nguyen, Ninh T
  • et al.

BACKGROUND:Contemporary mortality after bariatric surgery is low and has been decreasing over the past 2 decades. Most studies have reported inpatient or 30-day mortality, which may not represent the true risk of bariatric surgery. The objective of this study was to examine 1-year mortality and factors predictive of 1-year mortality after contemporary laparoscopic bariatric surgery. STUDY DESIGN:Using the 2008 to 2012 Bariatric Outcomes Longitudinal Database (BOLD), data from 158,606 operations were analyzed, including 128,349 (80.9%) laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) and 30,257 (19.1%) laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) operations. Multivariate logistic regression was used to determine independent risk factors associated with 1-year mortality for each type of procedure. RESULTS:The 30-day and 1-year mortality rates for LRYGB were 0.13% and 0.23%, respectively, and for LSG were 0.06% and 0.11%, respectively. Risk factors for 1-year mortality included older age (LRYGB: adjusted odds ratio [AOR] 1.05 per year, p < 0.001; LSG: AOR 1.08 per year, p < 0.001); male sex (LRYGB: AOR 1.88, p < 0.001); higher BMI (LRYGB: AOR 1.04 per unit, p < 0.001; LSG: AOR 1.05 per unit, p = 0.009); and the presence of 30-day leak (LRYGB: AOR 25.4, p < 0.001; LSG: AOR 35.8, p < 0.001), 30-day pulmonary embolism (LRYGB: AOR 34.5, p < 0.001; LSG: AOR 252, p < 0.001), and 30-day hemorrhage (LRYGB: AOR 2.34, p = 0.001). CONCLUSIONS:Contemporary 1-year mortality after laparoscopic bariatric surgery is much lower than previously reported, at <0.25%. It is important to continually refine techniques and perioperative management in order to minimize leaks, hemorrhage, and pulmonary embolus after bariatric surgery because these complications contribute to a higher risk of mortality.

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