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Median effect and long term recovery analysis of biological modifier interactions with difluoromethylornithine on the proliferation of human melanoma cells.

  • Author(s): Bregman, MD
  • Buckmeier, J
  • Funk, C
  • Meyskens, FL
  • et al.

The ability of difluoromethylornithine (DFMO), a specific polyamine synthesis inhibitor, to interact with various biological modifiers to inhibit the colony-forming growth of human melanoma cells was determined by using the median effect principle to computer model the strength of two agent interactions. Either alpha- or gamma-IFN (interferon) in combination with DFMO resulted in a synergistic inhibition on human melanoma colony formation. For human melanoma cells which were not resistant to 13-cis RA (retinoic acid), an additive suppression on colony formation was obtained with the retinoid-DFMO combination. Dexamethasone (DEX) interacted with DFMO to yield a synergistic reduction in melanoma colony number on glucocorticoid sensitive cells and no growth enhancement with DFMO on glucocorticoid resistant melanoma lines. Human melanoma cells displayed differential long-term growth sensitivity to DFMO treatment. C8146C human melanoma cells were terminally growth-inhibited by a 96 h exposure to DFMO, in a manner which was concentration and time dependent. The proliferation of C82-7A melanoma cells was inhibited by 95% in presence of DFMO, but upon removal of DFMO the cells regained their ability to proliferate and form colonies. The simultaneous addition of DEX plus alpha-IFN plus 13-cis-RA with DFMO caused most of the human melanoma cells in these lines to become permanently growth arrested. Pre-treatment with DEX plus alpha-IFN plus 13-cis RA, but without DFMO, did not have any long term effect on the ability of melanoma cells to recover and proliferate in soft agar.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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