Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
Layer-dependent topological phase in a two-dimensional quasicrystal and approximant.
- Author(s): Cain, Jeffrey D
- Azizi, Amin
- Conrad, Matthias
- Griffin, Sinéad M
- Zettl, Alex
- et al.
Published Web Locationhttp://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.2015164117
The electronic and topological properties of materials are derived from the interplay between crystalline symmetry and dimensionality. Simultaneously introducing "forbidden" symmetries via quasiperiodic ordering with low dimensionality into a material system promises the emergence of new physical phenomena. Here, we isolate a two-dimensional (2D) chalcogenide quasicrystal and approximant, and investigate their electronic and topological properties. The 2D layers of the materials with a composition close to Ta1.6Te, derived from a layered transition metal dichalcogenide, are isolated with standard exfoliation techniques, and investigated with electron diffraction and atomic resolution scanning transmission electron microscopy. Density functional theory calculations and symmetry analysis of the large unit cell crystalline approximant of the quasicrystal, Ta21Te13, reveal the presence of symmetry-protected nodal crossings in the quasicrystalline and approximant phases, whose presence is tunable by layer number. Our study provides a platform for the exploration of physics in quasicrystalline, low-dimensional materials and the interconnected nature of topology, dimensionality, and symmetry in electronic systems.