Synchronization of Kuramoto Oscillators via Cutset Projections
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Synchronization of Kuramoto Oscillators via Cutset Projections

  • Author(s): Jafarpour, Saber
  • Bullo, Francesco
  • et al.
Abstract

Synchronization in coupled oscillators networks is a remarkable phenomenon of relevance in numerous fields. For Kuramoto oscillators the loss of synchronization is determined by a trade-off between coupling strength and oscillator heterogeneity. Despite extensive prior work, the existing sufficient conditions for synchronization are either very conservative or heuristic and approximate. Using a novel cutset projection operator, we propose a new family of sufficient synchronization conditions; these conditions rigorously identify the correct functional form of the trade-off between coupling strength and oscillator heterogeneity. To overcome the need to solve a nonconvex optimization problem, we then provide two explicit bounding methods, thereby obtaining (i) the best-known sufficient condition for unweighted graphs based on the 2-norm, and (ii) the first-known generally-applicable sufficient condition based on the $\infty$-norm. We conclude with a comparative study of our novel $\infty$-norm condition for specific topologies and IEEE test cases; for most IEEE test cases our new sufficient condition is one to two orders of magnitude more accurate than previous rigorous tests.

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