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Distributed algorithms for covering, packing and maximum weighted matching

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This paper gives poly-logarithmic-round, distributed δ-approximation algorithms for covering problems with submodular cost and monotone covering constraints (Submodular-cost Covering). The approximation ratio δ is the maximum number of variables in any constraint. Special cases include Covering Mixed Integer Linear Programs (CMIP), and Weighted Vertex Cover (with δ = 2). Via duality, the paper also gives poly-logarithmic-round, distributed δ-approximation algorithms for Fractional Packing linear programs (where δ is the maximum number of constraints in which any variable occurs), and for Max Weighted c-Matching in hypergraphs (where δ is the maximum size of any of the hyperedges; for graphs δ = 2). The paper also gives parallel (RNC) 2-approximation algorithms for CMIP with two variables per constraint and Weighted Vertex Cover. The algorithms are randomized. All of the approximation ratios exactly match those of comparable centralized algorithms. © 2011 Springer-Verlag.

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