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Open Access Publications from the University of California

Range Dependence of the Response of a Spherical Head Model


This paper examines the range dependence of the HRTF for a simple spherical model of the head in both the time-domain and the frequency domain. The variation of low-frequency ILD with range is shown to be significant for ranges smaller than five times the sphere radius. The impulse response explains the source of the ripples in the frequency response, and provides direct evidence that the Interaural Time Delay (ITD) is not a strong function of range. Time-delay measurements confirm the Woodworth/Schlosberg formula. Numerical analysis indicates that the HRTF is minimum phase. Thus, except for time delay, the impulse response can be reconstructed from a simple principle components analysis of the magnitude response.

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