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In sexual species, autosomal alleles are transmitted through multigeneration organismal pedigrees via pathways of descent involving both genders. Here, models assess the sampling properties of these gender-described transmission pathways. An isolation-by-distance model of mating was used to construct a series of computer population pedigrees by systematically varying neighborhood size and the timing of isolation events in sundered populations. For each known pedigree, a matrix of true coancestry coefficients between all individuals in the final generation was calculated and compared (using cophenetic correlations) to mean pairwise times to common ancestry as estimated by sampling varying numbers of gender-defined lineage routes available to individual alleles through that pedigree. When few lineage routes were sampled, agreement between the estimated and the true pedigree was poor and showed a large variance. Agreement improved as more lineage routes were incorporated and asymptotically approached plateau levels predictably relatable to the magnitude of population structure. Results underscore a distinction between the composite genealogical information in a population pedigree and the subsets of that information registered in allelic lineage pathways.

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