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Construction of G1 planar Hermite interpolants with prescribed arc lengths


The problem of constructing a plane polynomial curve with given end points and end tangents, and a specified arc length, is addressed. The solution employs planar quintic Pythagorean–hodograph (PH) curves with equal-magnitude end derivatives. By reduction to canonical form it is shown that, in this context, the problem can be expressed in terms of finding the real solutions to a system of three quadratic equations in three variables. This system admits further reduction to just a single univariate biquadratic equation, which always has positive roots. It is found that this construction of G1 Hermite interpolants of specified arc length admits two formal solutions — of which one has attractive shape properties, and the other must be discarded due to undesired looping behavior. The algorithm developed herein offers a simple and efficient closed-form solution to a fundamental constructive geometry problem that avoids the need for iterative numerical methods.

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