Skip to main content
Open Access Publications from the University of California

Enzymatic processing of amelogenin during continuous crystallization of apatite

  • Author(s): Uskoković, V
  • Kim, MK
  • Li, W
  • Habelitz, S
  • et al.

Published Web Location
No data is associated with this publication.

Dental enamel forms through a protein-controlled mineralization and enzymatic degradation process with a nanoscale precision that new engineering technologies may be able to mimic. Recombinant full-length human amelogenin (rH174) and a matrix-metalloprotease (MMP-20) were used in a pH-stat titration system that enabled a continuous supply of calcium and phosphate ions over several days, mimicking the initial stages of matrix processing and crystallization in enamel in vitro. Effects on the self-assembly and crystal growth from a saturated aqueous solution containing 0.4 mg/mL rH174 and MMP-20 with the weight ratio of 1:1000 with respect to rH174 were investigated. A transition from nanospheres to fibrous amelogenin assemblies was facilitated under conditions that involved interaction between rH174 and its proteolytic cleavage products. Despite continuous titration, the levels of calcium exhibited a consistent trend of decreasing, thereby indicating a possible role in protein self-assembly. This study suggests that mimicking enamel formation in vitro requires the synergy between the aspects of matrix self-assembly, proteolysis, and crystallization. © 2008 Materials Research Society.

Many UC-authored scholarly publications are freely available on this site because of the UC Academic Senate's Open Access Policy. Let us know how this access is important for you.

Item not freely available? Link broken?
Report a problem accessing this item