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Open Access Publications from the University of California

Two-Scale Structure for Giant Field Enhancement: Combination of Rayleigh Anomaly and Colloidal Plasmonic Resonance

  • Author(s): Darvishzadeh-Varcheie, M
  • Thrift, WJ
  • Kamandi, M
  • Ragan, R
  • Capolino, F
  • et al.

© 2019 American Physical Society. We propose a two-scale architecture by simultaneously exploiting both the Rayleigh anomaly and localized surface plasmon resonance in colloidal directly assembled oligomers to achieve giant field enhancement, overcoming limitations by losses and the intrinsic nonlocality of the dielectric response of metal nanoparticles. We show that the total field enhancement in the nanogap hotspots of this two-scale structure is the product of the enhancements of each individual geometrical scale. Under this scheme, chemically assembled metallic oligomers enable strong enhancement of the near-field in resultant few-nanometer gaps at their plasmonic resonance. An extra enhancement factor results from combining the plasmonic resonance enhancement of these oligomers (nanometer scale) with a Rayleigh anomaly caused by a one-dimensional (1D) periodic set of nanorods (micrometer scale) fabricated using a lithographic method. This extra field enhancement cannot be obtained by further reducing the nanoantennas' gaps, since they are already in the few-nm ranges thanks to direct chemical assembly of oligomers. Experimental results verify that surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) signal is enhanced by more than one order of magnitude due to the Rayleigh anomaly as compared to the signal taken by using only metallic oligomers without periodic nanorods. The proposed two-scale structure could serve as a substrate for different spectroscopy techniques including SERS and can improve the sensitivity of spectroscopy for ultrasensitive biomolecule detection and single molecule spectroscopy studies.

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