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High-productivity and high-performance analysis of filtered semantic graphs

  • Author(s): Buluç, A
  • Duriakova, E
  • Fox, A
  • Gilbert, JR
  • Kamil, S
  • Lugowski, A
  • Oliker, L
  • Williams, S
  • et al.

High performance is a crucial consideration when executing a complex analytic query on a massive semantic graph. In a semantic graph, vertices and edges carry attributes of various types. Analytic queries on semantic graphs typically depend on the values of these attributes, thus, the computation must view the graph through a filter that passes only those individual vertices and edges of interest. Knowledge Discovery Toolbox (KDT), a Python library for parallel graph computations, is customizable in two ways. First, the user can write custom graph algorithms by specifying operations between edges and vertices. These programmer-specified operations are called semiring operations due to KDT's underlying linear-algebraic abstractions. Second, the user can customize existing graph algorithms by writing filters that return true for those vertices and edges the user wants to retain during algorithm execution. For high productivity, both semiring operations and filters are written in a high-level language, resulting in relatively low performance due to the bottleneck of having to call into the Python virtual machine for each vertex and edge. In this work, we use the Selective Embedded JIT Specialization (SEJITS) approach to automatically translate semiring operations and filters defined by programmers into a lower-level efficiency language, bypassing the up call into Python. We evaluate our approach by comparing it with the high-performance Combinatorial BLAS engine, and show our approach enables users to write in high-level languages and still obtain the high performance of low-level code. We also present a new roofline model for graph traversals, and show that our high-performance implementations do not significantly deviate from the roofline. Overall, we demonstrate the first known solution to the problem of obtaining high performance from a productivity language when applying graph algorithms selectively on semantic graphs. © 2013 IEEE.

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