Probing phase transitions of holographic entanglement entropy with fixed area states
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Probing phase transitions of holographic entanglement entropy with fixed area states

  • Author(s): Marolf, Donald
  • Wang, Shannon
  • Wang, Zhencheng
  • et al.

Abstract Recent results suggest that new corrections to holographic entanglement entropy should arise near phase transitions of the associated Ryu-Takayanagi (RT) surface. We study such corrections by decomposing the bulk state into fixed-area states and conjecturing that a certain ‘diagonal approximation’ will hold. In terms of the bulk Newton constant G, this yields a correction of order O(G−1/2) near such transitions, which is in particular larger than generic corrections from the entanglement of bulk quantum fields. However, the correction becomes exponentially suppressed away from the transition. The net effect is to make the entanglement a smooth function of all parameters, turning the RT ‘phase transition’ into a crossover already at this level of analysis.We illustrate this effect with explicit calculations (again assuming our diagonal approximation) for boundary regions given by a pair of disconnected intervals on the boundary of the AdS3 vacuum and for a single interval on the boundary of the BTZ black hole. In a natural large-volume limit where our diagonal approximation clearly holds, this second example verifies that our results agree with general predictions made by Murthy and Srednicki in the context of chaotic many-body systems. As a further check on our conjectured diagonal approximation, we show that it also reproduces the O(G−1/2) correction found Penington et al. for an analogous quantum RT transition. Our explicit computations also illustrate the cutoff-dependence of fluctuations in RT-areas.

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