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Health Care Provider Practices and Perceptions During Family-Centered Rounds With Limited English-Proficient Families



To increase understanding of current practices and perceptions of family-centered rounds (FCR) by providers for limited English-proficient (LEP) families relative to English-proficient families.


Using grounded theory methodology, we conducted ethnographic observations of FCR for LEP and English-proficient families on the pediatric wards at an urban teaching hospital. Focused coding of observation fieldnotes was performed independently, followed by regular group meetings to discuss discrepancies, refine codes, and identify theoretical direction. Data informed development of an interview guide used to conduct interviews with pediatric physicians, nurses, and interpreters. The iterative analysis process continued with interview transcriptions.


FCR of 36 unique patient families were observed, of which 10 were LEP families. We conducted 20 interviews with 7 residents, 3 attendings, 5 nurses, and 5 interpreters. Major themes included: 1) standardization of FCR is needed to address equity issues for LEP families, 2) redefining the roles of medical interpreters would enhance the interpersonal interactions and relationships between families and health care providers, and 3) improving resources to allow interpreters to be used consistently will increase equity for LEP families.


Many differences exist in FCR for LEP versus English-proficient families. FCR for LEP families may be optimized with standardization and training, redefining the interpreters' roles, and improving access to interpreters.

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