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Changing Disparity of Gastric Cancer Incidence by Histological Types in US Race-Specific Populations.



The incidence pattern of gastric cancer by histological types across major race/ethnic groups is unknown.


Age-standardized rates from 1992-2016 by race/ethnicity were calculated using data from Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results Program (SEER). Annual percent changes (APCs) in rates and corresponding 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated and pairwise comparison of rates between race/ethnic groups was performed using the Joinpoint Regression Program. Calendar periods of incidence rates of gastric cardia and non-cardia cancer by histological types across race/ethnicity groups were shown by figures.


The White population has the highest incidence of gastric cardia adenocarcinoma and the incidence is keeping constant from 1992 through 2016 except the decreasing in the Asian population (AAPC = -1.4, 95%CI (-2.1, -0.8)). Although the incidence of non-cardia adenocarcinoma is decreasing in each group, the descending trend in the Asian population is the quickest (AAPC = -3.8, 95%CI (-4.0, -3.5)). Gastric carcinoids were observed to have statistically significant increasing trends in all race/ethnicity groups, especially in Hispanic women from 0.4 per 100,000 to 1.6 per 100,000 persons. The incidence of gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) is rising, with Non-Hispanic blacks having the highest incidence.


This study demonstrated disparities in the incidence of gastric cancer by histological types among different race/ethnic groups. Further investigations are warranted to understand the changing incidence patterns by race/ethnicity.

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