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Differences in the bioactivity of recombinant human TNF, LT, and T-cell-derived LT-3 on transformed cells in vitro and the Meth A tumor growing in BALB/c mice.

  • Author(s): Granger, GA
  • Masunaka, I
  • Averbook, B
  • Kobayashi, M
  • Fitzgerald, M
  • Yamamoto, R
  • et al.
Creative Commons 'BY' version 4.0 license

Cytolytic human T cells and the continuous human T cell line YM 1.2 can secrete a lymphotoxin (LT) form, termed LT-3, when stimulated in vitro. LT-3 is immunologically related to, but functionally distinct from, both alpha LT and tumor necrosis factor (TNF). Purified, native LT-3 and recombinant human LT and TNF were tested for their ability to destroy a panel of primary and continuous cell lines in vitro and cause necrosis of 8- to 9-day cutaneous Meth A tumors growing in BALB/c mice. LT-3 is more effective than either LT or TNF in inducing destruction of continuous cell lines in vitro. LT-3 induces destruction of cell lines that are resistant to both TNF and LT, and much less LT-3 is required to destroy cells that are LT and/or TNF sensitive. In contrast, none of these mediators had any measurable negative effects when tested on primary human fibroblasts. Additional studies revealed that LT-3 is also active in vivo and can cause necrosis of cutaneous Meth A tumors when administered intraperitoneally or intratumorally on BALB/c mice. LT-3 induces more rapid, consistent, and complete tumor necrosis than equivalent doses of either LT or TNF.

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