Skip to main content
Open Access Publications from the University of California

UC Irvine

UC Irvine Previously Published Works bannerUC Irvine

Cooperativity Has Empirical and Ultimate Levels of Explanation.


Controversy over the meaning of pharmacological parameters often arises because of a lack of appreciation of different hierarchical levels of analysis. In a recent letter in Trends in Pharmacological Sciences, Zhang and Kavana [1] concluded that my two-state model for allosterism lacks cooperativity, even though Figures 5 and 6 in my review [2] illustrate examples of how the two-state model yields specific cooperativity values. Here, I explain how the two-state model (receptor-state analysis) gives rise to the cooperativity parameter (α) of the allosteric ternary complex model (receptor-population analysis).

Many UC-authored scholarly publications are freely available on this site because of the UC's open access policies. Let us know how this access is important for you.

Main Content
For improved accessibility of PDF content, download the file to your device.
Current View