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Layered-rocksalt intergrown cathode for high-capacity zero-strain battery operation.

  • Author(s): Li, Ning;
  • Sun, Meiling;
  • Kan, Wang Hay;
  • Zhuo, Zengqing;
  • Hwang, Sooyeon;
  • Renfrew, Sara E;
  • Avdeev, Maxim;
  • Huq, Ashfia;
  • McCloskey, Bryan D;
  • Su, Dong;
  • Yang, Wanli;
  • Tong, Wei
  • et al.
Abstract

The dependence on lithium-ion batteries leads to a pressing demand for advanced cathode materials. We demonstrate a new concept of layered-rocksalt intergrown structure that harnesses the combined figures of merit from each phase, including high capacity of layered and rocksalt phases, good kinetics of layered oxide and structural advantage of rocksalt. Based on this concept, lithium nickel ruthenium oxide of a main layered structure (R[Formula: see text]m) with intergrown rocksalt (Fm[Formula: see text]m) is developed, which delivers a high capacity with good rate performance. The interwoven rocksalt structure successfully prevents the anisotropic structural change that is typical for layered oxide, enabling a nearly zero-strain operation upon high-capacity cycling. Furthermore, a design principle is successfully extrapolated and experimentally verified in a series of compositions. Here, we show the success of such layered-rocksalt intergrown structure exemplifies a new battery electrode design concept and opens up a vast space of compositions to develop high-performance intergrown cathode materials.

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