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Open Access Publications from the University of California

4-H Climatology and Climate Science Project


Climatology, an Earth science, is the scientific study of long-term average weather and atmospheric conditions. The prevailing weather conditions in specific geographic regions change over years, decades, centuries, and eras, affecting the plants, animals, and other life in the region.

In this project, members will learn to: explore the difference between weather and climate to measure average temperature, wind, rainfall, and humidity over time • to analyze daily weather patterns how weather patterns influence plants, animals, humans, and the environment • how climate is influenced by interactions between sunlight, the ocean, the atmosphere, ice, landforms, and living things • how the ocean exerts a major influence on climate by absorbing energy from the Sun, releasing it over time, and globally redistributing it through ocean currents • how human activities, such as the release of greenhouse gases from burning fossil fuels, are major factors in climate change methods to mitigate climate change or adapt to it

This sheet outlines activity ideas at beginning, intermediate, and advanced levels of skill; also gives suggestions on how to tie the activity to STEM, healthy living, civic engagement, leadership and college and career readiness goals.

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