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Gut microbial succession follows acute secretory diarrhea in humans

  • Author(s): David, LA
  • Weil, A
  • Ryan, ET
  • Calderwood, SB
  • Harris, JB
  • Chowdhury, F
  • Begum, Y
  • Qadri, F
  • LaRocque, RC
  • Turnbaugh, PJ
  • et al.

Published Web Location

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4442136/
No data is associated with this publication.
Abstract

© 2015 David et al. Disability after childhood diarrhea is an important burden on global productivity. Recent studies suggest that gut bacterial communities influence how humans recover from infectious diarrhea, but we still lack extensive data and mechanistic hypotheses for how these bacterial communities respond to diarrheal disease and its treatment. Here, we report that after Vibrio cholerae infection, the human gut microbiota undergoes an orderly and reproducible succession that features transient reversals in relative levels of enteric Bacteroides and Prevotella. Elements of this succession may be a common feature in microbiota recovery from acute secretory diarrhea, as we observed similar successional dynamics after enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) infection. Our metagenomic analyses suggest that multiple mechanisms drive microbial succession after cholera, including bacterial dispersal properties, changing enteric oxygen and carbohydrate levels, and phage dynamics. Thus, gut microbiota recovery after cholera may be predictable at the level of community structure but is driven by a complex set of temporally varying ecological processes. Our findings suggest opportunities for diagnostics and therapies targeting the gut microbiota in humans recovering from infectious diarrhea.

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