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Effect of lung volume reduction surgery on pulmonary diffusion capacity in a rabbit model of emphysema.

  • Author(s): Chen, JC
  • Brenner, M
  • Huh, J
  • Yoong, B
  • Gassel, A
  • Kafie, F
  • McKenna, R
  • Gelb, A
  • Stemmer, EA
  • Wilson, AF
  • et al.
Abstract

BACKGROUND: While there is renewed interest in lung volume reduction surgery (LVRS) for treatment of emphysema, many aspects of the operation such as patient selection and surgical end points of excision are uncertain. We studied the effects of LVRS on measured lung volumes and diffusion capacity in an animal model to investigate optimal resection volumes. METHODS: Emphysema was induced in 32 New Zealand white (NZW) rabbits using aerosolized elastase. Helium dilution lung volumes and single breath DLCO were measured concurrently at baseline, following induction of emphysema (preop), and 1 week postoperatively (postop) following LVRS. Bilateral upper and middle lobe stapled lung resections were performed through midline sternotomies with excision of variable amounts of lung tissue from 1.8 to 5.8 g. RESULTS: FRC increased following induction of emphysema and decreased postoperatively. DLCO improved with increasing lung tissue resection up to 3 g of tissue and then decreased as even greater amounts were removed (r = 0.54). CONCLUSIONS: Measured lung volumes increase with development of emphysema and appropriately decrease in response to LVRS in this rabbit model. DLCO improves with moderate resection but then decreases with excessive excision of lung quantities and may help define one physiologic operative end point. In this rabbit model, excision of approximately 30% of lung volume was optimal and prevented further decrease in diffusion capacity.

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